As Nse Ikpe-Etim opens up about her struggles, here's all you need to know about adenomyosis

LifeStyle & Weddings

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Adenomyosis is a condition in which the inner lining of the uterus (the endometrium) breaks through the muscle wall of the uterus (the myometrium). Nollywood actress, Nse Ikpe-Etim recently opened up about her struggles to conceive and why, eventually, she had to remove her womb. The award-winning actress spoke at an event called “Conversation With Nse” in Lagos and revealed that she would not be able to have a child because she has removed her womb. She said she was diagnosed with Adenomyosis, a medical condition whereby the inner lining of the uterus breaks through the muscle wall of the uterus, three years ago. Nigerian actress Nse Ikpe Etim (@nseikpeetim) follow BBC Pidgin tok about why she decide to tok now. - She recently hold one session wey she call ‘Conversations with Nse’ where she share her tori give her fans on why she never born and how trolls for social media dey always curse her on top her page. - She want make di world know say women dey go through plenti tins. ????: @sarahtiamiyu #bbcpidgin #Nseikpeetim #woman #mothersday #sunday Adenomyosis can cause menstrual cramps, lower abdominal pressure, and bloating before menstrual periods and can result in heavy periods. The condition can be located throughout the entire uterus or localized in one spot. Though adenomyosis is considered a benign (not life-threatening) condition, the frequent pain and heavy bleeding associated with it can have a negative impact on a woman's quality of life. Studies estimate that 1 in 10 women have adenomyosis and that it is most common in women aged 40 to 50. Other risk factors include Prior uterine surgery, such as a C-section or fibroid removal and having given birth. Although not harmful, the pain and excessive bleeding associated with adenomyosis can disrupt your lifestyle. You might avoid activities you've enjoyed in the past because you're in pain or you worry you might start bleeding. If you often have prolonged, heavy bleeding during your periods, you can develop chronic anemia, which causes fatigue and other health problems. Causes The cause of adenomyosis isn't known but there are theories which include: Invasive tissue growth- Some experts believe that adenomyosis results from the direct invasion of endometrial cells from the lining of the uterus into the muscle that forms the uterine walls. Uterine incisions made during an operation such as a cesarean section (C-section) might promote the direct invasion of the endometrial cells into the wall of the uterus. Developmental origins- Other experts suspect that adenomyosis originates within the uterine muscle from endometrial tissue deposited there when the uterus first formed in the fetus. Uterine inflammation related to childbirth- Another theory suggests a link between adenomyosis and childbirth. Inflammation of the uterine lining during the postpartum period might cause a break in the normal boundary of cells that line the uterus. Surgical procedures on the uterus can have a similar effect. Stem cell origins- A recent theory proposes that bone marrow stem cells might invade the uterine muscle, causing adenomyosis. Symptoms Adenomyosis varies widely among people, including the extent of the condition and the severity of the symptoms. Symptoms include: heavy menstrual bleedingvery painful periodspain during sexbleeding between periodsworsening uterine crampsan enlarged and tender uterusgeneral pain in the pelvic areaa feeling that there is pressure on the bladder and rectumpain while having a bowel movement Adenomyosis is when tissue that lines the uterus is present inside...